The view appears to have been from somewhere on the roof of the Cleveland Floor Mill which was erected in the 1880’s. The blocks of houses must have been those between Trafalgar Street and Railway Street on Godfrey’s 1897 ed. OS map of Stockton & Thornaby. In the distance and across the river would appear to be Stockton’s Corporation Quay area, while at about 11 O’clock across the river would be the Malleable Iron Works. The tall chimneys belong to puddling & early blast furnaces; the smoke just went up the stack untreated. It is no wonder that a major cause of death in the area was chest diseases and infections.
Photograph and details courtesy of Derek Wade